May. 01, 2019
Painful or abnormally heavy menstrual cycles can occur at any age of a woman’s life. However, symptoms can be worse for premenopausal women, mainly in their 30s and 40s.
According to the National Institutes of Health, heavy menstrual bleeding is one of the most common gynecologic disorders affecting women of reproductive age. It accounts for up to one-third of gynecologic office visits and is the leading cause of hysterectomies in the US. A normal menstrual cycle is 24 to 38 days.
A normal menstrual period typically lasts up to eight days. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as heaving bleeding during a monthly period, bleeding or spotting between periods or after sex, or bleeding after menopause.
Abnormal bleeding can be caused by a hormonal imbalance, fibroids and polyps, bleeding disorders, miscarriage, uterine cancer, or other unknown causes. When abnormal bleeding is a concern, an OB/ GYN or other healthcare provider will conduct a physical exam and review the patient’s health history and menstrual cycles. As part of the diagnosis, a blood test may be ordered and any of the following tests performed:
Treatment options for irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding include medications and surgery. Medications often are tried first and include the following:
If heavy menstrual bleeding is a concern, the ACOG recommends women keep track of their menstrual cycle before visiting their OB/GYN. Noting the dates, length, and type (light, medium, heavy, or spotting) can help with diagnosis and treatment.
Paris Community Hospital
721 East Court Street
Paris, IL 61944
727 East Court Street
Paris, IL 61944
112 W. Madison Ave.
Chrisman, IL 61924
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